The 14th lecture of College English one:
Test about unit 1 to unit 10:
1. Some people who are very intelligent and successful in their fields find ____ difficult to succeed in language learning.
A. them B. themselves C. it D. itself
2. Death and taxes are two things in life that every American can be sure _____.
A. of B. for C. at D. with
3. The Atlantic ocean is only half as big as the pacific, ____ it is still very large.
A. but B. and C. so D. therefore
4. A red pencil-mark on the fifth page ______.
A. catch his eye B. catches his eyes C. caught his eye D. caught his eyes
5. In most large companies management is directly ____ planning the advertising.
A. known as B. capable pf C. involved in D. satisfied with
6. Some states use income tax ____ sales tax to raise their revenues.
A. with regard to B. in search of C. to combine with D. in addition to
7. The mother warned her son not to associate himself _____ bad men.
A. with B. to C. by D. and
8. Material that is organized ______ remembered than jumbled information.
A. is better B. to be better C. better D. as better
9. Meaningfulness _____ memory at all levels.
A. effects B. effects on C. affects D. affects on
10. The children are eager ______ if there are people on the Mars.
A. to know B. know C. knowing D. about knowing
11. There is no substitute _____ good food and excise.
A. of B. for C. to D. with
12. He offered to supply us _____ another clock free of charge.
A. with B. for C. of D. to
13. _____ contrast to his brother, he is more considerate and friendly.
A. By B. In C. With D. Through
14. Sometimes you have to ____ a new word in the dictionary.
A. look into B. look up C. look over D. look through
15. Animals can live only on _____ plants have already turned from inorganic to vegetable matter.
A. that B. which C. what D. how
16. The difficulty _____ their great poverty.
A. lies in B. lies on C. lies with D. lies down
17. She isn’t satisfied ____ the present living conditions.
A. for B. by C. with D. to
18. Traditionally, the father of a nuclear family earned money for the family _____ the mother cared for the house and children.
A. while B. because C. where D. therefore
19. Generally, the children stay in the nuclear family ____ they grow up and marriage.
A. although B. as C. until D. where
20.It’s important to realize that the same technology ____ helps us may also harm us.
A. as B. that C. what D. when
Most forgetting takes place immediately after learning. An hour after studying or learning something new, more than 50% has been forgotten. After one month 80% has been forgotten and so on.
This shows that review is very important. If you _____ new material you have learnt, you remember much more. It’s important to review newly learnt material a little and often. It’s also necessary ____ frequent breaks. We best remember ____ we learnt at the beginning of a learning period and at the point ____ we stop. After the break, it’s necessary to review what was learnt ____ the break----and then to continue learning the new material.
other experiments have shown that the brain needs time to ‘digest’ what has been learnt. The time necessary ____ this is 5 to 10 minutes. After a break of this time, the memory will have absorbed what it has ___ learnt, and more will be remembered. During this break it is important to ____ the right side of the brain, because the left side is used during a learning period. Therefore you should ____ in some way. Listening to music, breathing in fresh air, and looking at a picture, are all ways of using the other ___ of the brain.
1.A. review B. remind C. recover D. remember
2.A. have B. has C. to have D. having
3.A. that B. what C. which D. this
4.A. when B. that C. which D. where
5.A. before B. since C. after D. until
6.A. to B. for C. on D. by
7.A. merely B. only C. just D .recently
8.A. practice B. drill C. train D. exercise
9.A. relax B. release C. relieve D. relay
10.A. part B. portion C. side D. section
The problem of leisure is new. Until very recent times people worked each day to the limit of their strength. of course there were always a privileged few who had leisure; but most men had to work 12,14, or even 16 hours a day, six days a week. As late as1840 the average factory worker labored 72 hours a week. “Sunup to sundown” was the farmer’s day, or as another phrase, “from can to can’t.”
Today, working less than 40-hour week, people enjoy more leisure time. Hence, the wise use of leisure time has become an important problem for everyone, young or old. It is a particularly difficult problem for the sick, the aged, and those who have retired from earning a living. Those people have so much leisure that it is hard for them to find interesting and worthwhile ways to use it.
However, short the work week becomes, work is still the most important part of life. We don’t work to get leisure and the pleasures leisure brings us; rather, we use leisure wisely so that work itself can become awarding and enjoyable. The feeling of success at doing one’s daily work-whether it is a job, maintaining a home, or going to school-depends largely on coming to it each day with fresh energy and active interest.
Leisure and recreation go together, though they are not necessarily the same thing. “recreation” has an obvious meaning. It is the kind of leisure activity that brings re-creation of strengthen and spirit. When one speaks of making good use of leisure, he means choosing recreational activities which contribute to health, growth, and spirit.
1. The phrase “from can to can’t” in paragraph 1 means _____.
A. from beginning to end B. from birth to death C from morning to night .D. from time to time
2. How to spend leisure time wisely is not a particularly difficult problem fro people ______.
A. who are very busy every day B. who are sick in bed
C. who are aged and in good health D. who have retired from work
3. How does the author look at work and leisure?
A. We work hard so that we can enjoy more leisure.
B. We enjoy leisure so that we can come back to work with fresh energy.
C. Leisure can bring us a lot of pleasure that cannot.
D. The success of work has little to do with how we spend our leisure time.
4. What is the relationship between leisure and recreation according to the author?
A. Leisure and recreation are closely related.
B. Leisure and recreation are identical.
C. Recreation covers all kinds of leisure activities.
D. Recreation doesn’t belong to any leisure activities.
5. From the passage we know that _____________.
A. leisure has been an old problem since ancient times.
B. leisure can’t be replaced as the most important part of life.
C. our success in work is mostly determined by whether we use leisure wisely
D. good recreation activities contribute greatly to health, growth and spirit
Each nation has its own peculiar character which distinguishes it from others. But the peoples of the world have more points in common than points in which they differ. one type of person that is common in every country is the one who always tries to do as little as possible and to get as much as possible in return. His opposite, the man who is in the habit of doing more than is strictly necessary and who is ready to accept what is offered in return, is rare everywhere.
Both these types are usually unconscious of their character. The man who avoids effort is always talking about his “rights”: he appears to think that society owes him a pleasant, easy life. The man who is always doing more than his share talks of “duties”: he feels that the individual is in debt to society, and not society to the individual. As a result of their views, neither of these men thinks that he behaves at all strangely.
The man who tries to do as little as he can is always full of excuses: if he has neglected to do something, it was because he had a headache, or the weather was too hot or too cold, or because he was prevented by bad luck. At first, other people, such as his friends and his employer, generously accept his stories; but soon they realize what kind of person he is. In the long run he deceives only himself. When his friends become cool towards him and he fails to make progress in his job, he is surprised and hurt. He blames everyone and everything except himself. He feels that society is failing in its duties towards him, and that he is being unjustly treated.
6. The central ides if paragraph 1 is that ___________.
A. Each nation is peculiar enough to enable us to distinguish it from others.
B. The peoples of the world are as alike as they are different.
C. The peoples of the world have more similarities than differences.
D. Those who do more than is strictly necessary are common in every country.
7. According to paragraph 1, the man who does more than is required _________.
A. is ready to accept what the society offers him
B. excepts nothing in return for his work
C. feels that he is under heavy debt
D. thinks this makes his life easy
8. Those who try to do as little as possible ___________.
A. envy others’ good luck B. are good story-tellers
C. supply false reasons for their lack of responsibility
D. think that their opposites owe them a pleasant life
9. The phrase “in the long run” is closest in meaning to _________.
A. in practice B. in the end C. in effect D. in no time
10.It can be inferred from the passage that people who cheat___________.
A. will be unjustly treated B. will cheat only themselves eventually
C. will change their behavior D. will get surprised by their own stories
1. 重复、反复 n r__________ 2.传统的 a t_____________
3.代表、象征 vt r___________ 4.熟练、精通 n p___________
5.文明的、开化的 a c___________ 6.消化 vt d___________
7.有经验的 a e______________ 8.给人印象深刻的 a I____________
9.火山 n v_______________ 10. 美味的_____________
11.准确地 ad a_____________ 12. 改进、增进 n _______________
13.不能消化的a I______________ 14.准备、预备 n p________________
15.工业化 v i____________ 16. 相似、类似n s________________
17.与众不同的a u____________ 18. 观察，观察物 n o___________
19.完全地，绝对地 ad a_________ 20. 仍然是，剩下 vi r_________
1.In the 1600’s, travelers from Europe __________ (bring) back diamonds from India.
2.Sometimes information in the long-term memory ________ (be) hard to remember.
3.Well-organized material is ________ (well) remembered than jumbled information.
4.These plants can be ___________(easy) categorized.
5.Some common __________(phenomenon) are not completely understood.
6.We did that just for your ___________(convenient)
7.Computers are now being ____________(wide) used in China.
8.Sometimes ocean currents ___________(call) “rivers in the sea”.
9.The inhabitants of the moon would see our earth _____(reflect) the light of the sun.
10.For centuries the Atlantis ocean kept the Americans from ________(discover) by the people of Europe.
What is color? Why do some objects look red, others green, others blue?
Color is caused by reflected light rays. We see color because objects reflect light. Something that is red reflects mostly red light. ( it reflects a little green or blue light, too, but we do not see it. ) in the same way, a green object reflects mostly green light. White objects reflect all colors of light. Black objects don’t reflect any light.
What happens to the colors of light that are not reflected? They are absorbed by the object. The darker the color, the less light is reflected and the more light is absorbed. Light that is absorbed is turned into heat. For this reason, dark—colored clothes are warmer in the sunlight that light—colored clothes.
Key to exercises:
p258:Ⅱ.1.standing; 2.rising; 3.beginning, advanced; 4.done; 5.playing; 6.pleasing; 7.reflecting; 8.closed; 9.reading; 10.charged, bought; 11.living; 12.extended; 13.outlined; 14.coming; 15.wearing; 16.lying; 17.having gone; 18.working; 19.moving; 20.running.
Ⅲ.1. He’s quite satisfied with the test result.
2. She saw a group of cows standing under the trees.
3. on hearing the news, they set off for the railway station at once.
4. Hong Kong, returned to China in 1997, is one of the most important commercial and financial centers in Asia.
5. please turn off the light when leaving the room.
6. She has two sons living in Macao.
7. He gave an important talk at the meeting held last week.
8. presents costing less than $200 may be brought into the country duty free.
9. Seeing him coming over, we hid ourselves behind the door.
10. At this moment, she felt her heart beating fast.
p291:Ⅱ.1.to say; 2.leading; 3.to say; 4.eating; 5.to learn, experienced; 6.belonging; 7.banking, leaving; 8.doing; 9.finished; 10.smoking, eating; 11.driving; 12.buying, washing, to make; 13.going; 14.happening, controlling; 15.to bring; 16.to be done, to move; 17.being discussed; 18.meeting; 19.being, to help; 20.knowing, learning
Ⅲ.C, D, D, B, A, D, C, C, C, A